The garden behind the Goethe House was designed at the beginning of the 20th century by the architect Franz von Hoven. It is meant to recall the rococo gardens that were used by the neighbours behind the courtyard wall when Goethe was young. The Goethe family had to make do with the view onto these gardens; their own gardens were further away.

A large linden tree dominates the garden, inviting visitors to rest in its shade in the summer. There is a wall fountain in rococo style on the vine-covered back wall. Two sandstone putto, or figures of children, holding various objects in their hands decorate the beds of roses. Two large stone pinecones complete the overall impression. These artworks come from old Frankfurt gardens and were made available by the Historisches Museum Frankfurt.